Lawfulness of the Agreement

The lawfulness of an agreement is critical in deciding the enforceability of a contract. A contract is lawful if the parties entering into the agreement have the legal capacity to do so and if the object of the contract is lawful as well. If the agreement fails to meet either of these criteria, it can be deemed unenforceable.

Legal Capacity to Enter into an Agreement

In order to enter into a contract, both parties must have the capacity to do so. This means that they must be of legal age and have the mental capacity to understand what they are agreeing to. For example, an agreement between an adult and a child is not enforceable since a child does not have the legal capacity to enter into a contract.

Additionally, individuals under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or those with mental incapacities, may also lack the capacity to enter into a valid agreement.

Lawfulness of the Object

For an agreement to be lawful, the object of the contract must be consistent with the law. If the object of a contract involves an illegal act, then the agreement is not lawful and is therefore unenforceable. This includes agreements that involve criminal activities, such as fraud or embezzlement.

Furthermore, agreements that contradict public policy are also deemed unlawful. For example, an agreement to sell a human organ would be against public policy and would not be enforceable.


The lawfulness of an agreement is crucial in determining its enforceability. Before entering into any agreement, it is important to make sure that both parties have the legal capacity to do so and that the object of the contract is lawful. In the event that an agreement is deemed unenforceable, both parties may be at risk of legal and financial repercussions. As a result, it is always important to consult with legal counsel to ensure that agreements are legally binding and enforceable.


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